Projects by Information Systems in the Built Environment

ENERGY NEUTRAL CITIES

ISBE group is involved in on-going funded European research projects which aim to reduce energy consumption at individual and district level by using smart solutions such as using smart phone apps and sensors. Additional to the EU projects, there are also several PhD research projects in ISBE group within the energy neutral cities context.

Research Projects:

TRIANGULUM is a large consortium European project including partners from UK, Sweden, the Netherlands and China. Eindhoven is one of Triangulum flagships cities, which is served as a test bed for innovative projects, focusing on sustainable mobility, energy, ICT and business opportunities. From Eindhoven, the main partners in the project are: City of Eindhoven, Royal KPN NV, VolkerWessels, Woonbedrijf and TU/e. In this project, flagship cities demonstrate smart city solutions and facilitate and replicate these solutions in follower cities (Contact person: Dr. Dujuan Yang and Prof. Dr. Bauke de Vries).

DESENT is a European project under the context of “Smart cities and communities” and includes partners from Norway, the Netherlands and Austria. This project aims the development, application and dissemination of an integrated decision support system for energy use of buildings and transport, ensuring maximum efficiency with respect to supply and distributed energy generation (Contact person: Dr. Dujuan Yang).

PhD research:

“A district level energy management model” (contact person: Ren Xin, Dr. Gamze Dane): The purpose of this research is to develop a platform for citizens’ energy management at the neighborhood/district level based on a model that utilizes a variety of data sources including traditional, static data and emerging dynamic data (i.e. smart grid, sensors).

“Locating electric vehicle charging stations using a multi-agent based dynamic simulation” (Contact person: Seheon Kim, Dr. Dujuan Yang): The purpose of this research is to develop an agent-based framework for forecasting the spatial and temporal charging demand using activity-based travel demand model, finding the optimum number and location of EV charging station in short-term and long-term dimension, examining the trade-off between provider’s interest and planner’s interest, and assessing the impact of charging policy scenarios (such as delayed charging scheme, increase of charging cost, etc.).

 “Adapting to future climate through Land use planning” (contact person: Hongchu Chen, Dr. Qi Han): To adapt the urban area to the future climate and react to the global warming phenomenon, this project analyze the dependency of land use and land surface temperature (LST) in Eindhoven area through 2000 to 2010. Moreover, interaction between land use, energy consumption and LST on the city scale is explored to provide recommendations for future land use composition.

 “Low-carbon city development based on the land use planning” (contact person: Gengzhe Wang, Dr. Qi Han) Cities are the main engines of economic growth and social change, at same time the main producer of the emission of greenhouse gas. In this project, the relations among carbon emission, energy consumption and land use areas assessed and the low-carbon city development scenarios will be explored.

 

URBAN MANAGEMENT

Urban informatics utilizes urban Big Data to improve strategies for dynamic urban resource management, to gain insights on urban patterns and processes, to support and make innovations for urban management, public participation and policy analysis. Within this context, we have several European project applications that will be finalized and announced in early 2017 (contact persons: Dr. Gamze Dane, Dr. Qi Han). These project applications focus on both demand (i.e. users, citizens) and supply (i.e. developers, government) side of urban management in (re)development districts by applying combination of state-of-the art methods, big data and emerging technologies (i.e. virtual reality, augmented reality).  Additionally, several PhDs are doing research on this topic.

PhD Projects:

“The influence of car-sharing and autonomous cars on urban land use” (contact person: Alice Wang, Dr. Gamze Dane): The new advances in transport technology such as car-sharing and driverless cars have taken too much attention in terms of their impact on transport operating systems, congestion and safety. However, potential behavioral shifts and resulting land use changes and environmental impacts have received little attention. Such advances are expected to reduce the need for parking spaces and vehicle ownership. Therefore, in the long-term, these will cause changes in how the urban land is used. To predict future conditions and developing policies, an agent-based simulation will be conducted for several case scenarios.

“A Planning Support System for Regional Industrial Land Sustainable Redevelopment” (contact person: Tong Wang, Dr. Qi Han): To tackle the severe industrial redevelopment stagnating problems of the Netherlands, a planning support system framework for regional industrial land sustainable redevelopment is proposed. Four main functions are provided in the system, namely land use change modeling, scenario analysis, site design and sustainability evaluation. Thus, macro level scenario analysis of regional land use changes done by planners is combined with micro level real time 3D design by industrial land users on specific sites.

“The impact of accessibility on land-use dynamics” (contact person: Zhongqi Wang, Dr. Qi Han): The process of urban land use change is dynamic in nature because the locations as well as the intensity of the different activities that take place in the city are continually changing over time. By exploring the mechanisms of land-use dynamics influenced by accessibility, local government can simulate specific part of the city development by increasing accessibility via constructing better transport network and facilities.

“Mixed land use cities with low vehicle dependency” (contact person: Xiaoming Lyu, Dr. Qi Han): In this project the possibilities that residents can reach everyday needs by walking and bicycling will be investigated through generate integrated land use and infrastructure plans for a hypothetical city to experiment. Such a hypothetical city can be adjusted to reflect real city situation on an abstract level to provide policy recommendations.

 

BUILDING INFORMATION MANAGEMENT

A special focus among the on-going research in ISBE lies on how building related data can be connected across knowledge domains both within AEC and its neighboring fields using Linked Data and Semantic Web technologies, information models and structures to allow greater levels of information access and cross-domain interoperability.

As of late 2016, the ISBE group is involved in the following funded BIM-related research projects:

- Capturing and checking requirements for building using Linked Data technology (contact person: ir. Chi Zhang, Dr. Jakob Beetz)

- Efficient storage and processing of as-built data from laser scans and point cloud (contact person: ir. Thomas Krijnen, Dr. Jakob Beetz)

- Project "okstraOWL": a Linked Data representation of the German information model for roads. With TU Munich (contact person: Dr. Jakob Beetz)

- 3TU project 'ExcaSafeZone: prototyping rich urban maps for safe excavation': Predicting safe excavation zones in urban environments' with Twente and TU Delft (contact person: Dr. Jakob Beetz)

- Project " Bridging the gap between Geo and BIM. Developing a CityGML/IFC interface to integrate BIM models with Geo models" with TU Delft (contact person: ir. Thomas Krijnen, Jakob Beetz)

- Modeling and use of Building Information Models as Linked Data, co-chair of the "Linked Data Working Group" of the buildingSMART standardization organization (contact person: Dr. Jakob Beetz) http://www.buildingsmart-tech.org/future/linked-data

- Mapping CB-NL, bSDD and other structured vocabularies for the built environment (contact person: Dr. Jakob Beetz)