EducationThe Information Systems in the Built Environment group participates in the Master programs
- Architecture Building and Planning
- Construction Management and Engineering (3TU)
The master’s degree program Construction Management and Engineering (CME) is offered by the Built Environment (BE) and Industrial Engineering & Innovation Sciences (IE&IS) departments, with their distinctive research-driven and project-oriented approach to education. In this interdepartmental program, the focus is Construction Management & Urban Development: using urban/building sciences and management and innovation sciences to develop solutions for urban development with particular emphasis on smart cities. Within faculty of BE, CME is linked to Information Systems in the Built Environment (ISBE) group which is focused on the research areas: energy neutral cities, urban management and building information management.
ENERGY NEUTRAL CITIES
Cities are responsible for a significant part of greenhouse gas emissions as they generate emissions and use fossil fuel based energies. Therefore, cities should be seen as a significant means for climate change mitigation. This can be done by considering alternative methods to generate, consume, store and distribute energy however these methods are limitedly investigated in cities. The research in ISBE group focuses on these alternative methods by making the connection between technology, people and urban environment. Thus, our aim is to contribute to more reliable and comprehensive models to reduce energy demand, to generate renewable energy and efficient use of available resources by using static and dynamic data.
Cities are inherently complex and dynamic systems with many different stakeholders and long term policies. Nevertheless, the fast pace of urbanization causes burden on stakeholders and policy makers that are responsible for urban management. The research in urban management focuses on understanding dynamic urban processes and formulating policies on the development of sustainable and resilient cities. Urban management research contributes to socio-economic models that are needed to manage urban systems and forecast spatial effects and financial risks of policy measures by considering the emerging area of urban informatics (i.e. using sensors, gps, apps, location-based social network data for urban systems). Urban informatics utilizes urban Big Data to improve strategies for dynamic urban resource management, to gain insights on urban patterns and processes, to support and make innovations for urban management, public participation and policy analysis.
BUILDING INFORMATION MANAGEMENT
Building Information Modelling (BIM) entails methods and data structures over the whole lifecycle of the building including the construction phase to facilitate efficient and accurate exchange and processing of all information related to the built environment. Information management is crucial for improving the effectiveness and efficiency of the Architecture, Engineering and Construction processes. The lack of integration and co-ordination between actors is a major factor for poor project performance and the overall low productivity index of the whole sector. Standardization of data structures and communication protocols in building modelling and city modelling are needed and should also integrate advanced communication and BIG data mining. A special focus among the on-going research in ISBE lies on how building related data can be connected across knowledge domains both within AEC and its neighboring fields using Linked Data and Semantic Web technologies, information models and structures to allow greater levels of information access and cross-domain interoperability.